Everyone experiences fluctuating blood pressure at some point, and it can happen for a number of reasons, including the position a person is in (are they standing, sitting or lying down?), the tightness and size of the pressure cuff used at your doctor’s or what time of day it is.
For a majority of people, their blood pressure will be at its lowest reading in the early morning and then throughout the late morning it will rise, peaking in the mid afternoon. Other factors which can contribute to your blood pressure fluctuating include emotional upsets, stress and sensitivities to certain foods, but the most common one is hypertension, which is a condition that is characterized by high blood pressure that is chronic.
Hypertension is partially genetic and has a tendency to increase with age. It can generally be controlled with the right medical attention, exercise and diet. You can easily control it if you have regular visits with your doctor and you choose to live a healthier lifestyle.
When you have high blood pressure, however, the high blood pressure can create some problems, especially if your diastolic pressure, or the lower number found in a blood pressure reading, is always above 90. You qualify for having high blood pressure when your blood pressure is 140/90 or more.
There is not a lot that can be done by your doctor for fluctuating blood pressure, because even though there are a lot of contributing factors that can contribute to high blood pressure such as an unhealthy diet, obesity, age, family history, race, and inactivity, the exact causes are still not known.
Your doctor at best can keep monitoring your blood pressure for possible causes to figure out what times of the night and day your blood pressure peaks. Fluctuating blood pressure in some cases can be brought on by a new medication, or by taking a medication which does not last for twenty-four hours. Be sure to keep in close contact with your doctor when on any medications so that you can be properly monitored.
If you have this problem, the best solution would be to continuously monitor your blood pressure. People who have high blood pressure usually are supposed to have it monitored once each month by their doctor, however if your blood pressure is fluctuation a great deal, your doctor will likely have you monitor your blood pressure three times each day – once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once at night. This will go far in keeping track of your blood pressure and keeping you as healthy as possible.
You should take your first monitoring in the morning just after you wake up and before you take your medication for blood pressure, or drink or eat anything. If you have high blood pressure that fluctuates, you definitely should see your doctor, since periods during which your blood pressure is at its highest will put you at the same risk level for heart attacks and strokes as someone who has high blood pressure that is uncontrolled.